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Violation of Cease Fire Agreement along the LOC

The history between India and Pakistan, both nuclear powers, is inextricably linked. Both the nations have fought 4 wars since their independence in 1947, largely over the Kashmir issue. The LOC (Line of Control) is a military control line between India and Pakistan which is the de facto border between the two nations.

To prevent further conflict, the UN intervened and formed the UNCIP (United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan) in 1948. The UNCIP then negotiated a truce and got both India and Pakistan to sign the Karachi Agreement of 1949 and established the case-fire and was also reviewed in 2003 after a sudden spike in cases of ceasefire violations reported. However, on 16 June 2020, in the late evening hours, Pakistan initiated unprovoked ceasefire violation (CFV) along the LOC in Naugam Sector by firing mortars and other weapons. These CFV’s occurred one day after the Indian and Chinese troops were involved in a violent face-off and costed more than 20 soldiers lives.

Halfway into the year, Pakistan has already violated the ceasefire 2027 times. These CFV’s have multi fold effects in the region. They increase the volatility in the region and also lead to more attempts to infiltrate the LOC due to the heightened confusion caused by the CFV.

Reporter : Pranav M

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